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Covid-19 Updates in Brief – Part # 11

Covid-19 Updates – Part # 11.

The last episode of “ Covid-19 Updates in Brief – Part # 10 ”  of  the year  2021 , which covered a period from December 16, 2021 to December 31, 2021, has ben published already. Many viewers appreciated our efforts to keep them informed about the updates of Covid-19. Thank you viewers.

Covid-19 Updates in brief – Part # 11 will cover a period from January 01, 2022 to January 15, 2022.

Updates :

  • A huge sales in alcohol has alarmed the health experts and Government  health departments around the world.
  • Increased drinking of alcohol can lead the  drinkers more vulnerable  to respiratory  diseases like Covid-19.
  • People who have any risk factor like diabetes or heart problems are the easy victims of Covid-19. They should  avoid drinking  alcohol.
  • A program ” Dry January ” was started in the U.K. around  10 years  ago. The participants agreed not to drink alcohol  during  the first month of every year.
  • Niloufar  Nekon,  Clinical Director and licensed marriage and Family Therapist at Alter Health group, a mental health facility in Dana Painl, California said ” Decreasing or quitting   drinking  alcohol provides physical and mental  benefits.
  • Isolation restrictions for the people who were test positive for Covid-19 , were reduced from 10 days to 5 days.
  • The clinical  tests show that two shots course of mRNA vaccines or one shot of Johnson & Johnson vaccine are less effective  against Omicron  variant.
  • Recent data show that Pfizer-BioNTech  or Moderna are more effective vaccines for Omicron variant.
  • It is confirmed by newer data that a third dose increases antibodies production and boosts effectiveness against infection to around 75 % ,  and 85 % for sever disease.
  • Federal authorities of U.S.A. have granted emergency use authorization for “Evusheld ”  an antibody combination drug. Two dose injection is authorized  in some people who are not eligible for Covid-19 vaccines.
  • Evusheld  supplies antibodies to fight the infection from coronavirus.
  • A good news. Experts are hoping that rapid spread of Omicron variant may help  the Covid-19 pandemic change to a more endemic stage , where disease is present but can be controlled.
  • They say that high levels of immunity  from vaccines  and previous infection could slow the spread of the virus and turn it like a flu. They urged to wear face mask .
  • As the FDA has authorized a new pill for treatment of  Covid-19, the organization still has some doubts if the pill could impact  pregnant people.
  • The pill has the ability to cause mutations in human DNA in developing fetuses.
  • The drug generates compounds that are similar to one of the building blocks of RNA, the generic  code inside the novel coronavirus.
  • The pill called ” Molnupiravir ” gave good results in clinical tests. The trials were stopped earlier to get FDA approval.
  • Molnupiravir  was thought to decrease Covid-19 hospitalization by 50 %, but that figure has  recently decreased to 30 %.
  • France halts use of Merck’s Covi-19 pill.
  • Experts say the symptoms of Omicron variant  are similar to previous coronavirus variants, but milder.
  • Omicron symptoms are fever, cough, short breath and muscle aches.
  • Some people with Omicron infection did not report a loss of taste and smell.
  • Be careful. People recovered from a coronavirus infection , may have a reinfection with Omicron variant.
  • Experts think that two doses of Covid-19 vaccine will protect against Omicron variant.
  • As per Johns Hopkins University,  there  have  been more than 298.9 million confirmed Covid-19 cases and more than 5.4 million associated death globally .
  • A new variant was detected before the discovery of Omicron.. The virus has not spread widely so far. Leading experts hope it is not a major concern. The variant was named  B.1.640.2, with a nick name ” IHU “.
  • The U.S.A. has more than 500,000 new Covid -19 cases daily since the  Omicron variant spread rapidly. Any how experts are hoping a significantly drop number of cases in next few weeks.
  • Experts are still trying to find the origin of Omicron variant. Omicron variant contain large numbers of  mutations which  are rare in other variants.
  • The scientists believe in a theory that Omicron developed  gradually during a protracted infection from an individual with a compromised immune system.
  • At the Chinese Academy of Science , the scientists have found a pattern of mutations in Omicron which is typical of a virus that infected  a mice. They believe that SARS-CoV-2 jumped from a human to a mouse in 2020, then back into a human in late 2021.
  • ” Flurona ” is a term that describe a condition when a person is suffering from  both flu and Covid-19 at the same time .It is not  yet clear  , how much sick a person could be from both viruses. Experts suggest that sick people should take steps  to protect themselves from both viruses.
  • It is advised to  get a flu shot and Covid-19 vaccine . It is the best way to reduce further risk of sever complications.

source: HealthLine

  • As Covid-19 restrictions relaxed,  the unvaccinated people do not need to get a Covid-19 vaccine. This is very risky , biologists have warned.
  • In the presence of children and other unvaccinated people , removing the restrictions may give rise to more infectious and possibly more dangerous variants.
  • A new SARS-CoV-2 variant identified as B.1.640.2 has been detected in 12 patients in Southern France. The new variant has 48 mutations,
  • Data so far shows that variant  might be the  Cameroonian in origin.
  • All human have a microbiome comprising thousands of microorganisms. These include bacteria. fungi and viruses , which co-exist naturally in our body.
  • A team of scientists is studying if bacteria from the human microbiome can inhibit the SARS-VoV-2 virus.
  • The scientists identified three bacterial metabolites to do above task. These natural bacterial metabolites are like the drugs  that FDA  has approved for treatment of Covid-19., obsessive-compulsive disorder or both.
  • Fast facts on the gut microbiota are as under:
  • The human microbiota is made of trillions of cells , including bacteria ,viruses  and fungi.
  • The biggest number of microbes reside in the gut. Other habitats are skin ;and genitals .
  • The microbial cell and their genetic material, the microbiome are with human since birth. This relationship affects the human normal health.
  • The microorganisms live inside the gastrointestinal tract amounting 4 pounds of biomass. These biomass have a unique mix of species  individually.
  • These microbiota are necessary for immunity, nutrition , brain and behavior. The microbiota is involved in a number of diseases that cause a disturbance in the normal balance of microbes.
  • A pre print study found  that Omicron variant of Covid-19 infection can be better detected by Salvia Swabs, as the variant infects and replicates more effectively in bronchus . Usually SARS-2 infects the upper respiratory tract i.e. the mouth. nose and throat
  • According to Prosser Rosemary Boyton from the Faculty of medicine , Department 0f Infectious Disease at Imperial College , London in U.K. ,T cells can play different roles . They can act  as ” Killer Cells ” . They can attack on infected  cells by a virus . They can also act as  ” Helper cells ”  by supporting B cells to produce antibodies.

source: MedicalNewsToday

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