Parliamentary System vs Presidential System of Democracy, Part – 3.
Table of content:
- Presidential system
- How to choose a system.
In Presidential system, the President is responsible for every thing necessary for betterment of a country, the President should not be given such powers that he/she can do what he/she want to do .There should be a limitation such as:
The President can nominate ministers for different departments. If a country has total population of 200 million, there should be only 20 ministers, one minister for 10 million persons as a rough idea. No advisers at all. Minister should carry out all work. A minister should have:
- A Master degree in the relevant field of ministry. For example a law minister must be M.A., LLB with sufficient experience as lawyer.
- Education minister should be M.A. or PhD with teaching
and administration experience.
- Defense Minister should be a retired Army General who knows about country’s defense.
- Commerce minister should be Master of Commerce and experienced in relevant field. Any Mill owner should not be appointed as Commerce Minister.
What i am trying to say that appointed ministers must be highly educated, having vast experience in the field of relevant ministry work. A PhD professor should not be appointed as Forest minister. This will be a great joke with the country.
President can nominate a person from public, for a ministry and send that proposal to selection committee , who’s members are :
- One member from the Senate.
- Two members from the National Assembly.
- Four members from Provincial Assemblies ( 1 from each Provincial Assembly).
- Two members from Supreme Court (Judges)
- Only ONE Interpreter for the Central government is enough. All central government departments will send their statement/declaration to above Interpreter’s office who will issue it as it is. Keeping only one Interpreter will save a lot of expenses.
- The Selection Committee will review the details of candidates and approve/reject within 5 days after receipt of proposal from the President.
Same procedure for Provincial Ministers . The Governors will send the name of proposed ministers to the selection committee who’s members will be :
- 1 member from each political party who have at least 5 Assembly Members.
- 2 members from the Provincial High Court ( judge only).
If President or Governors appoint any person by passing above procedure, the Supreme Court of the country has powers to cancel such appointments and ask the President/Governors to explain why they violated the rules. If found guilty, President/Governor will step down his/her office and will be declared “inefficient” for any election for ever. Such rules are necessary to keep the President/Governor not to be wayward.
Duties of a Senate , National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies members are to adorn the functionality of country’s Constitution . They can propose a law, an commandment, discuss, pass or reject the proposals. To carry out any development work such as construction of roads, bridges etc is not their job. If they have some schemes for development, they should submit it to the assembly. A Development Committee can be established which will evaluate and examine such proposals and if passed, refer to the Public Works Department to complete it. Members of the Development Committee should be taken from the public with sufficient knowledge and experience in estimating expenses and and other tasks.
It is better that small development work on local level should be handed over/carried out by the Local Bodies. Senate , National Assembly and Provincial Assembly members should not be given any development grant. This grant must be given to he Local Bodies. There should be strict annually audit of each local body. In case of any embezzlement found, the Chairman of the Local Body must be removed and declared “inefficient” for any election, for ever.
How to choose a System ?
We have discussed both Parliamentarian system of democracy and Presidential system with their good and bad. Question arises how to choose a system? There are two ways to choose:
- Our elected representatives pass an amendment in National Constitution if they want the Presidential system for the country. If they prefer to continue the Parliamentary system, they must make it more beneficial for the common people.
- A referendum can be held asking the people of the country what type of government system they want. There should be only two choice.
1 – Presidential system.
2 – Parliamentary system.
Let the people choose the system hey like. There should be enough time to explain to the people what are the both system before referendum day. People must be well informed about both systems. And once the choose one, regard their choice.
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